How to set up perfect command-line environment on Windows
First of all, you should install Windows Terminal. It is a modern terminal emulator for users of command-tools and shells, including PowerShell, bash within WSL, SSH, Command Prompt, and any other command-line app.
Why install Windows Terminal? Here are some of the most important reasons I can think of:
- panes – split panes, multiple shells at same time
- keybindings / shortcuts
- command palette (like the one in VS Code)
- better and more customizable themes
- dynamic changes – while you change and save JSON settings you can see changes reflecting in your shells
It has easily configurable and dynamic profiles (you can see changes in real-time while changing JSON settings), color schemes, it has GUI for settings, it has command palette, and many other features.
You can get Windows Terminal in 3 different easy ways
Visual Studio Code
If you install via official website, you should have VS Code added to the file context menu (right click) for both files and directories.
After that, you should decide which shell you want to use. I use PowerShell 7, also known as PowerShell Core, it is an open-source, cross-platform version of PowerShell.
You can install PowerShell 7 in two easy ways:
Once you are done installing PowerShell you should install few PowerShell modules (extensions):
If you already don’t have it, I would advise you to install PowerShellGet. It is a module that lets you install other modules for PowerShell. You can check the PowerShell Gallery website for more information.
How to install PowerShellGet – Installing PowerShellGet
posh-git is a PowerShell module that integrates Git and PowerShell by providing Git status summary information that can be displayed in the PowerShell prompt, e.g.:
Oh My Posh is a prompt theme for any engine, including PowerShell 7. It was inspired by oh-my-zsh (for all of you unix users). You can use a lot of already available themes or create your own or customize one of the existing ones, as I did.
Adding and modifying pieces of oh-my-posh through JSON configuration is quite easy.
Installation is quite simple. You can check official docs – Installation
To do it via PowerShell execute following command
Install-Module oh-my-posh -Scope CurrentUser -AllowPrerelease
If you want to set a specific theme for oh-my-posh do the following:
Set-PoshPrompt -Theme jandedobbeleer
Another module – PSReadLine offers better line editing experience for the PowerShell Console
Easiest way to install PSReadLine is through PowerShell and PowerShellGet:
Install-Module PSReadLine -AllowPrerelease -Force
Setting up PowerShell profile
To create a new profile or access existing one from your PowerShell or Windows Terminal type:
Paste the following in your VS Code editor:
Save and reload your PowerShell / windows terminal.
Getting a good font for your windows terminal
I recomend Cascadia Code – You can download it from Microsoft’s GitHub page — microsoft/cascadia-code: This is a fun, new monospaced font that includes programming ligatures and is designed to enhance the modern look and feel of the Windows Terminal. (github.com)
Once you download and install the font, you should set Font face property for your profile to: Cascadia Code PL
Or from Nerd Fonts homepage — Nerd Fonts – Iconic font aggregator, glyphs/icons collection, & fonts patcher
If you download the one from Nerd Fonts, and installed Caskaydia Cove Nerd Font Complete Windows Compatible in your windows terminal profile settings you need to use following value for font: CaskaydiaCove NF
This is how your windows terminal should look like now in a git repository: